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  Bibliotheca Iiddica

t r a n s l i t e r a t s y e  

Yiddish Letter Sound Equivalent  Numbers Romanization
  shtumer alef א   (silent) 1  
  pasekh alef   a as in father     a in gas 'street'
  komets alef   o as in sort     o in yorn 'years'
      u as in hut     o in hot 'has'
  beys or beyz ב   b as in ball 2   b in brem 'eyebrow'
  [veys or veyz]   v as in heavy     v in mazl-tov 'congratulations'
  giml ג   g as in give 3   g in gornisht 'nothing'
  daled ד   d as in done 4   d in dorf 'village'
  daled zayen shin דזש   j as in jump     dzh in dzhez 'jazz'
  hey ה   h as in hot 5   h in hungerik 'hungry'
  vov ו   u as in put 6   u in un 'and'
      oo as in goo (syllable-final)     u in du 'you'
  tsvey vovn (2 vovs) װ   "     v in vursht 'salami'
  vov yud ױ   oy as in boy     oy in moyl 'mouth'
  zayen ז   z as in zebra 7   z in zumer 'summer'
  zayen shin זש   s as in measure     zh in zhuk 'beetle'
  [khes] ח   ch as in German "achtung" 8   kh in bokher 'young man'
  tes ט   t as in time 9   t in tuml 'noise'
  tes shin טש   ch as in chair     tsh in kvetshn 'to squeeze'
  yud  י   i as in fit, or 10   i in tish 'table'
      ee as in feet     i in zi 'she'
  yud (before a vowel) י   y as in yet     y in yagdes 'berries'
  tsvey yudn (2 yuds) ײ   ey as in grey     ey in eynikl 'grandchild'
  pasekh tsvey yudn ײַ   y as in sky     ay in fayer 'fire'
  [kof]   k as in kill 20   k in kosher 'kosher'
  khof כ ך   ch as in German "achtung"     kh in khapn 'to catch'
  lamed ל   l as in lake 30   l in luft 'air'
  mem   מ ם     m as in mark 40   m in mentsh 'person'
  nun   נ ן     n as in neck 50   n in nudnik 'bore'
  samekh ס   s as in self 60   s in samet 'velvet'
  ayen ע   e as in end 70   e in entfer 'answer'
  pey   p as in pack 80   p in ponim 'face'
  fey פ ף   f as in fence     f in frish 'fresh'
  tsadik צ ץ   ts as in fruits 90   ts in nayntsik 'ninety'
  kuf ק   " 100   k in kamf 'struggle'
  reysh ר   r as in French rue 200   r in royt 'red'
  shin ש   sh as in show 300   sh in shande 'shame'
  [sin]   "     s in soyne 'enemy'
  [tof]   " 400   t in toyre 'Torah'
  [sof] ת   "     s in toes 'error'

[...] - in words of Hebrew origin only
Adopted from the summary by Shleyme Axelrod (Mendele Vol 4.170)